Electricity could be an important necessity in society, as most human activities need the power supply for most productivity.
The electricity distribution company is tasked with the responsibility of equally distributing the wattage.
There are numerous stages the electrical power passes through before it gets to the end-users, the generation corporations (Gencos) generates the electrical power, the transmission corporations (TCN) transmits the facility to the community then the distribution corporations (Discos) delivers the electrical power to homes.
Electricity is transmitted at high voltage and so can not be used directly, the transmission corporations serve to lower this voltage into usable units.
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An electrical device called a transformer is employed for this purpose. The distribution corporations then distribute to homes and bill the shoppers per the quantity of power consumed.
The discos in Nigeria act as middlemen. There have been completely different changes within the organizations handling electricity affairs in Nigeria.
Electricity Corporation of Nigeria (ECN) and Niger Dams Authority (NDA) 1st incorporated in 1972 to form the National power Authority (NEPA) that had the responsibility of generation, transmission and distribution of wattage for every household in the country.
In 2005, an influence sector reform method occurred and Nepa was relegated to a different organization named Power holding company of Nigeria (PHCN).
Another reform of the facility sector occurred, thenceforth PHCN was bust down into eleven diversified electricity distribution corporations (DisCos), six generating corporations (GenCos), and a transmission company (TCN).
This reform referred to as power Sector Reform is accountable for making the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC) and thereafter naming it an independent regulator of the power sector.
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The Gencos in Nigeria square measure Afam Power PLC, Sapele Power PLC, Egbin Power PLC, Ughelli Power PLC, Kainji Power PLC, Jebba Power PLC and Shiroro Power PLC.
This generation corporations are liable for generating the electricity required within the country.
The Discos in Nigeria are Abuja Electricity Distribution Corporation (AEDC), Benin Electricity Distribution Corporation (BEDC), Enugu Electricity Distribution Corporation (EEDC), Eko Electricity Distribution Corporation (EKEDC), Port Harcourt Electricity Distribution Corporation (PHEDC), Ibadan Electricity Distribution Corporation (IBEDC), Ikeja Electricity Distribution Company (IEDC), Jos Electricity Distribution Corporation (JEDC), Kano Electricity Distribution Corporation (KEDCO), Kaduna Electricity Distribution Corporation, Yola Electricity Distribution Corporation (YEDC).
It’s necessary to understand that these distribution corporations don’t solely serve the states they’re located in, they conjointly serve neighbouring states.
The EEDC for instance serves Enugu, Imo, Anambra, Ebonyi and Abia whereas PHEDC serves Rivers, Cross River and Akwa Ibom. Each Distribution company in Nigeria distributes electricity to each range in the states beneath its jurisdiction.
There are tons of challenges faced by Discos in Nigeria, high thereon list is fund problems. The distribution corporations are purported to collect the bills and successively, pay each the transmission and generation corporations.
However, there has ne’er been a wholesome bill assortment strategy. it is usually tilting, either some square measure overcharged and those refuse to pay or there’s no meter provided whereas some other people square measure willing to pay are overcharged and they still refuse to pay. And without these funds, the distribution corporations cannot operate effectively.
Electricity stealing is another challenge of Discos in Nigeria, some people connect lawlessly to the electricity grid and might go as far as disconnecting their connection from the grid once agents from Discos come back for their monthly round. Infrastructure and meter challenges also are faced by distribution corporations in Nigeria.
About the author
Chibuzor Elizabeth Chijioke a graduate of Abia State University is a Nigerian-based entrepreneur and content writer. She trained as a digital marketer at Innovation Growth Hub. She is committed to teaching people how to apply technology to better their lives and businesses. She spends her leisure reading sci-fi and fantasy novels.
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